Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
https://www.actalb.org/article/doi/10.1590/S2179-975X3320
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
Short Research Note

Bait efficiency to monitor mandi (Pimelodus maculatus) in the tailrace of hydropower dams, Southeast Brazil

Eficiência de iscas no monitoramento do mandi (Pimelodus maculatus) no canal de fuga de usinas hidrelétricas no sudeste do Brasil

Alexandre Peressin; Rafael Couto Rosa Souza; Alexandre Lima Godinho

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Abstract

Abstract: : Aim: This study compared the efficiency of two baits (earthworm and cow heart) for monitoring the abundance of mandi catfish (Pimelodus maculatus) in the tailrace of hydropower dams, one of the commonly killed fish in turbine procedures.

Methods: Sampling occurred every two months from February 2014 to December 2015 at the Camargos and Itutinga hydropower dams, located in the upper Paraná River basin, using hooks baited with earthworm and cow heart. We used generalized linear models to test the influence of dam, bait type, dam outflow discharge, water temperature, transparency, and dissolved oxygen on mandi abundance, calculated as catch per unit effort.

Results: Most mandi (73%) were caught using earthworms but catch per unit effort of mandi for both baits showed the same pattern of seasonal variation at each dam. At both dams, individuals of mandi sampled using earthworms were smaller than those sampled using cow heart, and water temperature was the only environmental variable significantly associated with the catch per unit effort of mandi.

Conclusions: Both baits are efficient to monitor seasonal variations in mandi abundance, which is influenced by water temperature. Monitoring the abundance of mandi in the tailrace can help minimizing fish mortality by scheduling risky turbine procedures for periods of lower mandi abundance.

Keywords

fish sampling, lure preference, fish mortality, turbine procedure

Resumo

Resumo:: Objetivo: O estudo comparou a eficiência de duas iscas (minhoca e coração de boi) no monitoramento da abundância do mandi (Pimelodus maculatus) no canal de fuga de barragens hidrelétricas, um dos peixes mais frequentemente mortos por manobras de turbinas.

Métodos: As amostragens foram bimestrais, de fevereiro de 2014 a dezembro de 2015, nas usinas hidrelétricas de Camargos e Itutinga, rio Grande, bacia do alto rio Paraná, usando anzóis iscados com minhoca e coração de boi. Usamos modelos lineares generalizados para testar a influência da usina hidrelétrica, tipo de isca, vazão defluente, temperatura, transparência e oxigênio dissolvido da água na abundância calculada pela captura por unidade de esforço de mandis.

Resultados: A maioria dos mandis (73%) foi capturada usando minhoca, mas as capturas por unidade de esforço verificadas para as duas iscas mostraram o mesmo padrão de variação sazonal nas duas usinas. Em ambas as usinas, os mandis capturados com minhoca foram menores que aqueles capturados com coração de boi, e a temperatura da água foi a única variável ambiental significativamente associada à abundância de mandis.

Conclusões: As duas iscas são eficientes para monitorar variações sazonais na abundância do mandi, que é influenciada apenas pela temperatura da água. Monitorar a abundância do mandi no canal de fuga pode auxiliar na redução da mortalidade de peixes, programando manobras arriscadas de turbinas para períodos de menor abundância do mandi.
 

Palavras-chave

amostragem de peixes, preferência por isca, mortalidade de peixe, manobra de turbina

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Submitted date:
04/14/2020

Accepted date:
03/30/2021

Publication date:
05/11/2021

609adbf7a953950c5b05e114 alb Articles
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Acta Limnol. Bras. (Online)

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